Normalization of labour as a factor of increasing production efficiency

Oleksii Serhiiovych Arapov, Tetiana Mykolaivna Doroshenko


Introduction. The cost of labour as for the production of various types of work depends primarily on the organizational and technical, psychophysiological and social factors which affect the duration and content of the labour processes. Actually the regulation of labour means designing and creation such conditions in the production which will help the work run more productively. In this sense normalization of labour is the basis of the organization of labour in enterprises.

Normalization of labour is necessary for any form of public organization of labour. However, its essence, aims and objectives depend directly on the nature of industrial relations. It involves the establishment of measures of labour costs to perform a particular job. It should be based on the regulation of the relationship between the cost of time and volume of work which is done. In this case normalization of labour is an economic category, because it expresses a particular attitude of people to their joint participation in social activities.

Purpose. The article aims to analyse the essence, functions and structure of the classification structure of cost standards, results and content. It also aims to justify the need for labour normalization in the enterprises of various forms of social organization of labour.

Method (methodology). The general and particular methods of scientific research have been used in this research. They are the principles of the materialistic dialectism, scientific Abstraction, the transition from the Abstract to the concrete, analysis and synthesis, induction and deduction, and others.

Results. Consideration of the nature and characteristics of the classification of categories of work determines that the valuation of labour is, first and foremost, a tool of social organization of labour. In this context, the main question is not whether what is the tool itself and for what purpose it is used.

Highly developed social form of labour requires the valuation of labour, which can be in case of modern scientific knowledge and international experience use. It must also absorb all the achievements of previous generations. The social form of work requires an approach to rationing, which would combine the technical achievements of science with the state of the organization of labour. Only such an approach can contribute to the planned distribution of work between branches of the economy, within these sectors and individual workers (labour) teams that will ensure "proper ratio between different job functions and different needs" and at the same time it can serve as a measure of participation of the individual producers in the aggregate labour, and therefore "consumed individually and in all parts of the product" [5].

Linking of working time for the manufacture of products with the size of social needs the classic economic theory has viewed as a major problem. It states that society must know how much work is required for the production of each commodity and confirm its production plan for the means of production and labour. This plan will determine and compare the effects of different commodities with each other and with the necessary quantity of work for their production.


labour; normalization; standards of labour costs; working time regulations; productive power of labour

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Science Works Journal "Ekonomichnyy analiz"

ISSN 1993-0259 (Print)  ISSN 2219-4649 (Online) DOI: 10.35774/econa

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