Industrial parks: world experience and perspectives of creation in Ukraine

Victor Valeriovych Halasiuk


Introduction. The deindustrialization processes in Ukraine can be defined as the result of national industrial potential degradation, that throws domestic economy back in the past in comparison with highly developed countries. At the same time, the restoration of the industry is constrained by sharp "investment hunger», which deepens the problems of unemployment and emigration of the population, preserves a low standard of living. Overcoming the systemic problems prevailing in the domestic industrial sector requires the decisive use of effective industrial development instruments, one of which is industrial parks.

Purpose. The article aims to argue the perspective directions of the Ukrainian industrial sector development using the mechanism of industrial parks on the basis of international experience analysis.

Method. Methodological base of the paper covers a complex of complementary methods of scientific research of economic processes and phenomena: historical and logical method, method of system analysis, methods of economic and mathematical modelling, comparative and statistical analysis, general scientific methods of analysis and synthesis, methods of induction and deduction. In order to carry out the complex analysis, methods of computer processing, analysis and display of information using the Microsoft Excel program also are used.

Results. The article has discussed essential and economic and legal aspects of industrial parks creation as a mechanism for the formation of a favourable investment climate in order to increase the international competitiveness and develop industrial sector of Ukraine. Advanced international experience of using industrial parks to provide accelerated economic growth on an innovative basis has been analysed. Existing preconditions and prospects for activating the policy of industrial parks creation in Ukraine have been investigated. Legislative initiatives to promote the opening and launching of new industrial parks in the domestic practice of industrial development have been argued. The measures of industrial policy, which should complement the existing legislative norms and initiatives concerning the development of a network of industrial parks in Ukraine, have been outlined. The results of the econometric analysis of industrial parks influence on the main macroeconomic indicators (gross domestic product, foreign trade, employment, volumes of industrial production) of Ukraine have been presented.


industrial park; techno-park; free (special) economic zones; industrial policy; investment climate; engineering and transport infrastructure

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Science Works Journal "Ekonomichnyy analiz"

ISSN 1993-0259 (Print)  ISSN 2219-4649 (Online) DOI: 10.35774/econa

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