Intelligent transport system: the problem of definition and formation of classification system

Olga Katerna


Introduction. The experience of developing the economies of the developed countries of the world suggests that it is directly related to the evolution of transport and infrastructure. In most of countries, intelligent transport systems (ITS) are under investigation as one of the scientific directions of the symbiosis of the economy - technology – telematics, and considered as the most effective tool for solving transport problems. The efforts of international organizations, state representatives in the field of transport, scientists, entrepreneurs and the public are aimed at such key areas as: significant increase in both the safety of transport on all modes of transport and capacity grows of the transport system of the country.

Purpose. The goal of the article is to develop a single integrated approach to the definition of the term ITS and to provide a general classification system with details on the management objects.

Methods. To achieve the goal methods have been used based on the systems approach, management theory and decision-making theory. The system analysis has been used to determine the scientific task.

Results. In order to implement the tasks of transport management in terms of ITS, the system analysis of the field of research has been carried out in the article, including the systematization of the definition and the construction of a general classification system with details on the management objects. The analysis of the subject area of ITS usage has allowed establishing the main classes of the analyzed objects, to classify the tasks of monitoring characteristics, organization of management of transport flows and transportation process, information support for participants, organization of transport infrastructure management. Research of the literature sources allowed to form an integrated approach to the ITS classification system, which includes both systems introduced in the objects of transport infrastructure and in the management of transport flows. In the addition to the above, the main thing in the infrastructure objects is the terminal monitoring and management system, as well as the security management system.

Conclusion. ITS is a new type of transport management systems that are gradually replaced by automated control systems. They are focused on modeling various cases and forecasting of dangerous situations and be used for decision-making tool in the condition of great complexity and large amounts of data. ITC can be considered as an important component of the modern integrated approach to improving the efficiency of the functioning of the country's transport system by expanding their information infrastructure: automated data collection on state of the system in real time, modeling direct and indirect operational impact on the formation and change of transport flows.


mode of transport; intelligent transport systems; information support; objects of infrastructure; traffic flows

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