Compulsory state pension insurance within the pension security system of Ukraine

Tetyana Kryvoshlyk


Ukraine has been reforming its pension provision for a long time, and in particular, such an important component as compulsory state pension insurance. The changes that have taken place as a result of these reforms have not yielded adequate results, and serious problems continue to exist regarding the balancing and long-term financial stability of the budget of the Pension Fund of Ukraine. Therefore, the study of the processes taking place in the solidarity system of pension insurance and the search for solutions to problems in this area is extremely relevant.

The purpose of the study is to identify trends in the development of compulsory state pension insurance in Ukraine and substantiate its role in providing disabled citizens with adequate pension protection.

The article is devoted to the study of the current state of compulsory state pension insurance and substantiation of its role in providing disabled citizens with decent pension benefits. The analysis of incomes, expenses and deficit of the Pension Fund of Ukraine is carried out, their comparison in national and foreign currencies is carried out. It is established that nominal revenues to the Pension Fund of Ukraine and its expenditures tended to increase, but when they were converted into foreign currency there was a decrease in these indicators (except for 2013), which indicates contradictory trends related to the depreciation of income and fund expenses. It has been proven that the Pension Fund of Ukraine constantly lacks its own funds to meet its pension obligations, as a result of which significant budgetary resources are absorbed and the majority of pensioners are not provided with decent pension benefits. Factors influencing the deficit of the Pension Fund of Ukraine have been identified. It is concluded that the problem of low pensions is largely a consequence of the general economic conditions in the country and to a lesser extent - a consequence of the structure or functioning of the solidarity system itself. After all, the basis for calculating insurance premiums is wages, which are low for most employees. Factors that negatively affect the functioning of the state pension insurance have been identified and measures to overcome them have been identified.


pension insurance; solidarity system; pension provision; pension system; pension reform; Pension Fund of Ukraine; substitution factor

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Science Works Journal "Ekonomichnyy analiz"

ISSN 1993-0259 (Print)  ISSN 2219-4649 (Online) DOI: 10.35774/econa

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