Methods for Determining Tax Income in Accordance with National Law and IAS 12 “Income Taxes”

Lyudmila Shkulipa


Introduction. A profit is one of the most important indicators of the financial performance of business entities, as it is a source of financing the costs of their production and social development. The part of the income is withdrawn by the state as an income tax and a source of funding for public expenditure. The understanding of the correct methodology for determining tax profit in accordance with applicable national law and IAS 12 "Income Taxes" is being the most often interest of the accountants and practitioners.

Purpose. The purpose of the article is to investigate the methodology for determining tax income in accordance with the Tax Code of Ukraine and national accounting standards. The regulatory approach to research allows for the identification of differences in the regulation of this research object at the national level and in accordance with IAS 12 “Income Taxes”.

Methods. To achieve this goal, common scientific methods, both at the empirical and theoretical levels of research were used. The methods of analysis to compare the methodology for determining tax income in accordance with the Tax Code of Ukraine and the corresponding national accounting standard were used. Modeling and abstraction techniques to address the various situations associated with the reflection of income tax by businesses of different ownership were used.

Results. The article describes a new methodology for determining taxable income in accordance with the rules of national legislation and gives a critical analysis of new changes in the Tax Code of Ukraine. There are two options for finding a business entity on the general tax system; regular correspondence on accounting for income tax on ordinary activities have been clarified. For the first time the method of determining tax profit (loss) according to the Tax Code of Ukraine and national standards has been compared; the composition of information on the main components of income tax expense and information subject to separate disclosure under IAS 12 “Income Taxes” has been systematized. The snippet of the Income tax declaration on the decision not to apply tax differences is given.

Discussion. To increase the level of objectivity and materiality of the information on tax profit presentation presented in the financial statements, it is necessary to search for trade-offs between accounting and tax concepts within a common ideology. The results have shown that tax changes are not always made public in the proper explanation and are being challenged by users (accountants) who have different interests. The consideration of the method for determining tax income allows us to argue that the international standards more broadly define the criteria for recognizing and reflecting in the financial statement current income tax.


tax income; Tax code of Ukraine; accounting; IAS 12

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Science Works Journal "Ekonomichnyy analiz"

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