Dairy livestock of agricultural enterprises: current state and prospects of development

Serhii Shupyk


Introduction. Despite the important role of dairy farming in agricultural enterprises in ensuring food security of the state, it is now in critical condition.

During the period of reforming the agro-industrial complex of Ukraine there was a significant structural restructuring in social production, intra-sectoral and intersectoral relations changed, new market economic approaches to the development of agricultural sectors were formed.

The state in which the industry found itself led to low livestock productivity and high production costs compared to countries - leading producers of livestock products, the liquidation of specialized enterprises. The process of unbundling the property complexes of the reformed agricultural enterprises led to the physical destruction of production facilities for keeping farm animals.

Goal. On the basis of generalization of data of the State Statistics Service of Ukraine to assess the current state of functioning of dairy farming of agricultural enterprises and on this basis to develop practical recommendations for measures of state and regional support of the industry.

Method (methodology). The research methodology is formed on the basis of evaluation of statistical data of the State Statistics Service of Ukraine for the development of the dairy industry of the corporate sector of the agricultural economy. In the process of scientific research, comparative, structural research methods were used.

Results. It is established that the main primary reason for the decrease in the number of agricultural enterprises producing milk is the decrease in the investment attractiveness of dairy farming due to the influence of such factors as long payback period, low efficiency of state support; significant variability of the milk and dairy products market. The introduced changes in the provision of state support to agricultural producers in 2019-2019 convince that the system of direct state subsidies will be beneficial primarily to integrated economic entities in the field of agribusiness, engaged in poultry and pig farming. The main benefits from state subsidies will be, first of all, large and economically stable enterprises. Measures of state and regional support of milk production in agricultural enterprises, which are aimed at increasing the number of cows, their productivity and quality, are substantiated.


dairy cattle breeding; agricultural enterprise; state support; efficiency; reproduction

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.35774/econa2021.01.252

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Science Works Journal "Ekonomichnyy analiz"

ISSN 1993-0259 (Print)  ISSN 2219-4649 (Online) DOI: 10.35774/econa

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