International migration and its impact on the social progress of countries

Denis Pudryk, Oleksii Kwilinski, Tetjana Vasylyna


Introduction. The social development of the national economy is in the focus of society, politicians and researchers. The main reason for considering this topic is to increase the rank of social progress of countries related to globalization and the rapid growth of international migration. The rapid growth of private relocations of Ukrainian citizens from abroad, on the one hand, leads to increased incomes, poverty reduction, improved health care, education and economic development of the country. On the other – reduced labour supply, the outflow of highly qualified personnel, increasing inequality, reduction of tax revenues on social insurance leads to restraint of economic and social development of the national economy.

The aim of the study is to determine the impact of migration processes on the social progress in Ukraine.

Research methods. To achieve this goal, the authors propose methodological tools for assessing the integrated index of social progress, based on the entropy method of determining the weights of social progress indicators (“Education, Science and Culture”, “Health”, “Environment”, “Life and well-being”, “Freedom and equality”). A model of functional dependencies for estimating the impact of migration processes on the level of social progress of the national economy is proposed.

Results. It is established that according to the social progress index Ukraine differs significantly from the EU benchmark countries (Poland, Hungary, Czech Republic, Slovakia) for 2000-2020. Achieving the average level of social progress of the EU, provided only after 15 years. The statistically significant influence of migration processes on the country’s social progress is determined. The increase of private remittances from abroad leads to an increase in the social progress by 0,25% and the migration growth of the country’s population by 0,026%. The coefficient of determination of the models is 67,5% and 16,4%.

Perspectives. The low level of the determination coefficient for the model with migratory population growth raises the question of further research of additional explanatory factors of the migration processes impact on social progress, in particular: skills, gender, education, national identity and more.


migration growth; remittances; model; index

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