Economic irrationality in "Sustainable development goals": Goal 1 – End poverty in all its forms everywhere

Andrii Tymkiv, Inna Mykhailova


Abstract


Introduction. Today, poverty remains one of the key problems in the development of society. Finding ways to solve the problem is a priority goal of scientific research. Strategic directions for solving the problem of poverty in the world have been worked out in the resolution of the UN General Assembly, which touches the main goals of sustainable development of the world. The resolution limits the process of overcoming poverty by the time frame of 2030 and declares a significant increase in basic indicators of human life, equality of access to life benefits, increasing the level of protection and creating reliable mechanisms to protect the poor.

The subject of the research is the problem of achieving the goals of sustainable development to overcome poverty.

Purpose. Formulate and highlight the contradictions for sustainable development in order to overcome poverty and prove the impossibility of time constraints in achieving the goals of sustainable development.

Method (methodology). The great number of methods, in particular,

 – analysis and synthesis in determining the nature and manifestations of the poverty;

 – methods of induction and deduction;

- the abstract-logical method in statements and conclusions about the rationality of overcoming poverty as a social phenomenon;

- methods of statistical forecasting in estimating the parameters of expenditures of households in Ukraine in the period up to 2030 are used in the research.

Results. It is established that the problem of poverty is complex, and to claim about the influence of the social-economic factors on the level of poverty as the only ones is extremely wrong.

The problem of economic irrationality in solving the problem of poverty by 2030 is comprehensively outlined in the research.

As there are a number of prerequisites for this: cyclical economic development, features of the social-economic structure of the country, peculiarities of traditions, culture, religion.

It is proved that in the conditions of Ukraine's economic development poverty manifests itself, although not in its extreme forms, but socially significant, which is visualized in the forecasts of household expenditure and their structure.

Conclusions. The peculiarities of the cyclical nature of economic development, the impact of objective and subjective factors on poverty as a social-economic phenomenon are not taken into account among the goals of sustainable development. Although the extreme forms of poverty have already been overcome in Ukraine according to the main UN indicators, the problem of population impoverishment will not be solved by 2030.


Keywords


poverty; sustainable development goals; multidimensional poverty index; prognostication; household expenditures

Full Text:

PDF

References


Shyfman, I. Sh. (1990). Tsezar' Avhust [Caesar Augustus]. Leningrad: Science [in Russian].

Smit, A. (2007). Issledovanie o prirode i prichinah bogatstva narodov [Research on the nature and causes of the people’s wealth]. Moscow: Eksmo [in Russian].

Mal'tus, T. R. (2014). Opyit o zakone narodonaseleniya [Experience about the law of population]. Moscow: Direkt-Media [in Russian].

Peretvorennya nashoho svitu: Poryadok dennyy u sferi staloho rozvytku do 2030 roku: Rezolyutsiya Heneral'noyi Asambleyi OON vid 25 veresnya 2015 roku 70/1 [Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015 70/1]. Retrieved from: https://www.ua.undp.org/content/ukraine/uk/home/library/sustainable-development-report/the-2030-agenda-for-sustainable-development.html [in Ukrainian].

Joseph, K. (1923). Cycles and Trends in Economic Factors The Review of Economics and Statistics. 5(1). 10-16. Retrieved from: https://www.jstor.org/stable/1927031?seq=1#metadata_info_tab_contents.

Korotayev, A., & Tsirel, S. A. (2010). Spectral Analysis of World GDP Dynamics: Kondratieff Waves, Kuznets Swings, Juglar and Kitchin Cycles in Global Economic Development, and the 2008–2009 Economic Crisis. Retrieved from: https://escholarship.org/uc/item/9jv108xp.

Robotyzatsiya vyrobnytstv: drayvery ta bar’yery [Robotization of production: drivers and barriers]. Retrieved from: https://fostylen.com/bloggery/terzi-bogdan-bloggery/robotizacija-virobnictv-drajveri-ta-barieri/ [in Ukrainian].

Akaev, A. A. (2009). Sovremennyi finansovo-ekonomicheskii krizis v svete teorii innovatsionno-tekhnologicheskogo razviyiya ekonomiki i upravleniya innovatsionnym protsessom [Modern financial and economic crisis in the light of the theory of innovation-and-technological development of economics and management of innovation process]. Sistemnyi monitoring: global’noe i regional’noe razvitie [System monitoring: global and regional development]. Moscow: URSS Publ. 141-162 [in Russian].

Korotayev, A. V, & Tsirel, S. V. (2009). Kondratevskie volnyi v mirovoy ekonomicheskoy dinamike. [Kondratiev’s waves in the world economic dynamics.]. Sistemnyi monitoring: global’noe i regional’noe razvitie [System monitoring: global and regional development]. Moscow: Liborokom. 189-229 [in Russian].

Naybilsh zatrebuvani profesiyi v Ukrayini v 2021 rotsi [The most popular professions in Ukraine in 2021]. Retrieved from: https://naurok.ua/student/blog/naybilsh-zatrebuvani-profesi-v-ukra-ni-v-2021-roci [in Ukrainian].

The 2019 Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI). Retrieved from: http://hdr.undp.org/en/2019-MPI.

Konsulska sluzhba Ukrayiny. Pivdennyy Sudan [Ukraine Consulate. South Sudan]. Retrieved from: https://tripadvisor.mfa.gov.ua/?p=526 [in Ukrainian].

Burlaka, O. S. (2020). Teoretychni pidkhody do udoskonalennya sotsial'noho zakhystu sim"yi, dytynstva, materynstva ta bat'kivstva v Ukrayini [Theoretical approaches to improving the social protection of the family, childhood, motherhood and fatherhood in Ukraine]. Pravo i suspilstvo [Law and society]. 3. 96-101. [in Ukrainian].

Tsili staloho rozvytku Ukrayina. Dobrovilʹnyy natsionalʹnyy ohlyad. [Sustainable development goals Ukraine. Voluntary national survey]. Retrieved from: https://ukraine.un.org/sites/default/files/2021-10/VNR%20SDG%20Ukraine%202020.pdf [in Ukrainian].

Riven bidnosti v Ukrayini perevyshchuye 50%. [The poverty rate in Ukraine exceeds 50%]. Retrieved from: https://www.ukrinform.ua/rubric-society/3179054-riven-bidnosti-v-ukraini-perevisue-50-demografi.html [in Ukrainian].

COVID-19 nivelyuye dosyahnuti uspikhy v borotʹbi z bidnistyu v Ukrayini ta v usʹomu sviti: dopovid [COVID-19 offsets progress against fighting poverty in Ukraine and around the world: report]. Retrieved from: https://www.ua.undp.org/content/ukraine/uk/home/presscenter/pressreleases/2021/covid-19-reversing-gains-made-in-fighting-poverty-in-ukraine-and.html.

Derzhavna sluzhba statystyky [State Statistics Service]. Retrieved from: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/ [in Ukrainian].

Indeksy tsin produktsiyi silskoho hospodarstva, realizovanoyi pidpryyemstvamy u 2021 rotsi [Price indices of agricultural products solt by enterprises in 2021.]. Retrieved from: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/ [in Ukrainian].

Taryfy na komunalku zrostutʹ na tretynu do kintsya 2021 roku – Kabmin. [Tariffs for communal services are increasing by a third by the end of 2021 – The Cabinet of Ministers]. Retrieved from: https://www.slovoidilo.ua/2021/06/24/novyna/ekonomika/taryfy-komunalku-zrostut-tretynu-kincya-2021-roku-kabmin [in Ukrainian].




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.35774/econa2021.04.075

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

 

Articles are distributed under Creative Commons Attribution  International 4.0 (CC-BY-NC 4.0) 


Science Works Journal "Ekonomichnyy analiz"

ISSN 1993-0259 (Print)  ISSN 2219-4649 (Online) DOI: 10.35774/econa


© West Ukrainian National University

© «Ekonomichnyy analiz», 2007-2023