The concept and content of social protection and social security for the population in modern Ukraine

Tetiana Shapovalova


Introduction. Currently, Ukraine is going through a difficult period of structural, economic and political reorientation, characterized by the interweaving of deep crises of a political, economic and social nature, caused, among other things, by the war. Ukrainian society, since independence, was formed and functioned under the conditions of an administrative-command system, today it aspires to a state and society of a higher type, based on universal values and ideas, in which human rights and their protection are the only real indicator of the state's civilization.

In recent years, the social security of citizens has become increasingly important in Ukraine, because in the new socio-political and economic conditions there is an urgent need for adequate financial security.

However, on this path, only such a result as the growth of crisis phenomena in various spheres of life and the transformation of every person into their hostage is obvious. When announcing a new course of social development, a course for democratization, the strategy and tactics of reforms, as well as their possible consequences, were not really assessed and predicted. In the meantime, the most significant of them - the drop in incomes of the population and the social stratification of society - have already made themselves known.

Goal. The purpose of the article is to analyze approaches to defining the concepts of social protection and social security in science and their impact on solving the problems of vulnerable population groups.

Method. The theoretical and methodological basis of the article are the scientific works of Ukrainian and foreign authors who researched the concepts of social protection and social security, as well as the basic provisions of the economy, state administration, social work and social security law. The analysis of the influence of the system of social protection and social security on the solution of current problems in society was carried out by the methods of systemic and structural-functional analysis (theoretical and methodological generalizations).

The results. It was found that there is no permanent interpretation of the concepts of social protection and social security, their relationship and unity among scientists in approaches to solving this problem. It was determined that the social protection system is transformed depending on the economic state of the society, but thanks to a comprehensive approach, it will function both in conditions of crisis, radical breakdown of the old economic system, and in conditions of stabilization. The principles on which the system of social protection in Ukraine should be based are formulated.


social protection; social welfare; public relations; social risk; social stratification; differentiated approach; targeting of social protection

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Science Works Journal "Ekonomichnyy analiz"

ISSN 1993-0259 (Print)  ISSN 2219-4649 (Online) DOI: 10.35774/econa

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