Social security for pensioners in conditions martial law in Ukraine

Iryna Zavadska, Oksana Palylyulko


Abstract


Introduction. The social security of Ukrainian pensioners due to permanent crises and the solidarity pension system was not at a high enough level, however, with the beginning of the full-scale aggression of the Russian Federation against Ukraine, the material support of people of retirement age has decreased to the level of the poverty line, which poses quite serious risks for ensuring elementary living conditions persons of retirement age. Therefore, considering the state of war in the country, the issue of social security for pensioners is extremely relevant for Ukraine and requires a scientific solution.

Goal. Study of the problems of social security of pensioners of Ukraine in the conditions of martial law and formation of proposals to increase its quality characteristics and material level.

Method (methodology). Abstract-logical and empirical methods of scientific research were used in the article to generalize the essence of the main theoretical concepts; methods of analysis and synthesis and methods of comparison for calculating the minimum level of economic well-being of a pensioner; methods of abstraction and generalization to justify research conclusions.

The results. The article proves that the level of social security of pensioners as a result of the war with the Russian Federation and the devaluation of the national currency provoked by it has significantly decreased and about 8.7 million pensioners have fallen beyond the poverty line. It is substantiated that 5,400 hryvnias are needed to ensure the basic social needs of pensioners, in particular, the purchase of a minimum set of food and medicine and the payment of utilities. In order to increase the level of social security of pensioners of Ukraine in the conditions of martial law, it is proposed to expand cooperation with international humanitarian organizations, to introduce mandatory public works in the form of assistance to pensioners for persons who are registered in employment centers, to use remittances in the amount of up to one hryvnia in retail chains and cashback in commercial banks to pay for food packages for low-income pensioners. After the end of martial law, it is proposed to carry out a pension reform in Ukraine and introduce a mechanism for preserving the value of voluntary deductions to the savings fund.


Keywords


social security; pension provision; consumer basket; pension reform; social services; poverty line; minimum economic well-being

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.35774/econa2022.03.111

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Science Works Journal "Ekonomichnyy analiz"

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