Development of digitalization processes in the European Union: prospective experience for Ukraine

Iryna Belova, Olexiy Yaroshchuk


The article analyzes the current state of digitization of e-government, education and implementation of blockchain technologies in the field of public services in the European Union. Effective practices of digitalization development in the EU are singled out and directions for implementation of the EU experience in the sphere of public administration and education of Ukraine are proposed.

The purpose of the article is to study the features of the development of digitalization in European countries for the implementation of the best experience in the system of digital provision of social and economic life of Ukraine, taking into account the needs of the post-war reconstruction of the state.

Methodology. In the process of researching the experience of the EU in the field of digitization of the socio-economic life of the community, general scientific methods of cognition were used, namely: methods of analysis and synthesis to analyze the main trends in the development of digitalization in the EU and individual member states; comparison – to compare the functionality of mobile applications and web resources on e-government; content analysis - to assess functionality, advantages and disadvantages of services, regulatory mechanisms in the field of digitization; generalization - for the formation of recommendations regarding the implementation of the best experience in digitalization in the EU to Ukrainian realities.

The results. It has been proven that the main advantages of digitalized public services in the EU over Ukrainian services are a much wider range of functions and opportunities for receiving public services online, as well as in the number of various mobile applications that make it possible to digitize almost all the main relationships in the "state-citizen- state". The expediency of applying procedures for automatic tax payment and VAT reimbursement by creating smart contracts on the Diya service has been substantiated, proposals have been developed for the implementation of blockchain technologies in the system of electronic governance and health care of Ukraine, vectors for the implementation of the principles of gamification of the educational process in order to train highly qualified specialists have been proposed and development of post-war state reconstruction projects.


digitalization; electronic governance; blockchain; smart contracts; gamification of the educational process

Full Text:



Vovk, V. Yu. (2020). Digital transformations in the economy: world experience and opportunities for Ukraine. Sciences of Europe, 51-4.

Yegorov, I. Yu., Griga, V. Yu. (2019). Comparative analysis of digitalization indicators in Ukraine and other EU Eastern Partnership countries. Statistics of Ukraine, 3, 56-62.

Samoilenko A. (2021). Peculiarities of digitization of the countries of the European Union in the conditions of globalization. Bulletin of the economy, 1, 46-54.

Yachmenyk, M. M., Velushchak, M. Ya., Balabai, A. A. (2023). Digitization of educational services in EU countries: new opportunities. Academic visions, 17.

Karnitis G., Virtmanis A., Karnitis E. (2019). Key Drivers of Digitalization; EU Context and Baltic Case. Baltic J. Modern Computing, 7(1), 70-85.

Kwilinski, A., Vyshnevskyi, O., Dzwigol, H. (2020). Digitalization of the EU Economies and People at Risk of Poverty or Social Exclusion. Journal of Risk and Financial Management, 13.

UN E-Government Knowledgebase.

A Digital Single Market Strategy for Europe. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. (2015).

Tallinn Declaration on eGovernment at the ministerial meeting during the Estonian Presidency of the Council of the EU on 6 October 2017. (2017). tallinn-declaration.

EU e-government action plan 2016-2020: Accelerating the digital transformation of government.

The European Interoperability Framework in detail. NIFO.

eIDAS Regulation. European Commission.

The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). Intersoft consulting.

On the Basic Principles of Information Society Development in Ukraine for 2007-2015: Law of Ukraine dated January 9, 2007 No. 537-V.

Denmark Is the EU's Digital Champion in New Survey.

Every second Ukrainian who received e-services used Diya, a social survey. – information and services for your life events.

Gamify Your Teaching – increasing vocational competencies of entrepreneurship teachers with the use of gamification.

Urban Gaming.

Zhao D. et al. (2022). An Innovative Multi-Layer Gamification Framework for Improved STEM Learning Experience. IEEE Access, 10, 3879-3889.

Regulation Of The European Parliament And Of The Council on Markets in Crypto-assets, and amending Directive (EU) 2019/1937. (2022).

A new paradigm in healthcare data privacy and security.

E-⁠Residency. Republic of Estonia.

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Iryna Belova, Olexiy Yaroshchuk

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.


Articles are distributed under Creative Commons Attribution  International 4.0 (CC-BY-NC 4.0) 

Science Works Journal "Ekonomichnyy analiz"

ISSN 1993-0259 (Print)  ISSN 2219-4649 (Online) DOI: 10.35774/econa

© West Ukrainian National University

© «Ekonomichnyy analiz», 2007-2023